Answers to Life's Questions

Jun 22, 2010 at 21:23 o\clock

Attributes of God (15)


Because God is infinite in wisdom, no secret can be hidden from Him, no problem can baffle Him, nothing is too hard for Him. -"Great is our Lord, and of great power: His understanding is infinite" (Psalm 147:5).

Because God is omniscient, He knows all from the beginning to the end for nothing is hidden from His sight. The good and the evil are laid bare before His sovereign fire-burning piercing gaze. -"And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do." (Hebrews 4:13)

Because God is omniscient, such is His claim: He knows everything: everything possible, everything actual; all events, all creatures, God the past, the present and the future. He is perfectly acquainted with every detail in the life of every being in heaven, in earth and in hell. His knowledge is perfect. He never errs, never changes, never overlooks anything. "Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in His sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of Him with whom we have to do" (Hebrews 4:13).


"Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, Thou understandest my thoughts afar off. Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways. For there is not a word in my tongue but, lo, O Lord, Thou knowest it altogether" (Psalm 139:2-4).


God not only knew the end from the beginning, but He planned, fixed, predestinated everything from the beginning. And, as cause stands to effect, so God's purpose is the ground of His prescience. He has preestablished relationship with His elect in eternity past out of the pleasure and purpose of His sovereign love. "…who are chosen 2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, that you may obey Jesus Christ and be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace be yours in fullest measure." (1 Peter 1:1b-2)


God's supremacy over the works of His hands is vividly depicted in Scripture. God's supremacy is also demonstrated in His perfect rule over the wills of men. "I am the LORD, and there is no other; Besides Me there is no God. I will gird you, though you have not known Me; 6 That men may know from the rising to the setting of the sun That there is no one besides Me. I am the LORD, and there is no other, 7 The One forming light and creating darkness, causing well-being and creating calamity; I am the LORD who does all these. 8 "Drip down, O heavens, from above, And let the clouds pour down righteousness; Let the earth open up and salvation bear fruit, And righteousness spring up with it. I, the LORD, have created it. 9 "Woe to the one who quarrels with his Maker-

An earthenware vessel among the vessels of earth! Will the clay say to the potter, 'What are you doing?' Or the thing you are making say, 'He has no hands'? 10 "Woe to him who says to a father, 'What are you begetting?' Or to a woman, 'To what are you giving birth?'" 11 Thus says the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker: "Ask Me about the things to come concerning My sons, And you shall commit to Me the work of My hands. 12 "It is I who made the earth, and created man upon it. I stretched out the heavens with My hands, And I ordained all their host. 13 "I have aroused him in righteousness, And I will make all his ways smooth; He will build My city, and will let My exiles go free, Without any payment or reward," says the LORD of hosts. 14 Thus says the LORD, "The products of Egypt and the merchandise of Cush And the Sabeans, men of stature, Will come over to you and will be yours; They will walk behind you, they will come over in chains And will bow down to you; They will make supplication to you: 'Surely, God is with you, and there is none else, No other God.'" 15 Truly, Thou art a God who hides Himself, O God of Israel, Savior! 16 They will be put to shame and even humiliated, all of them; The manufacturers of idols will go away together in humiliation. 17 Israel has been saved by the LORD With an everlasting salvation; You will not be put to shame or humiliated To all eternity. 18 For thus says the LORD, who created the heavens (He is the God who formed the earth and made it, He established it and did not create it a waste place, But formed it to be inhabited), "I am the LORD, and there is none else. 19 "I have not spoken in secret, In some dark land; I did not say to the offspring of Jacob, 'Seek Me in a waste place'; I, the LORD, speak righteousness Declaring things that are upright. 20 "Gather yourselves and come; Draw near together, you fugitives of the nations; They have no knowledge, Who carry about their wooden idol, And pray to a god who cannot save. 21 "Declare and set forth your case; Indeed, let them consult together. Who has announced this from of old? Who has long since declared it? Is it not I, the LORD? And there is no other God besides Me, A righteous God and a Savior; There is none except Me. 22 "Turn to Me, and be saved, all the ends of the earth; For I am God, and there is no other. 23 "I have sworn by Myself, The word has gone forth from My mouth in righteousness And will not turn back, That to Me every knee will bow, every tongue will swear allegiance. 24 "They will say of Me, 'Only in the LORD are righteousness and strength.' Men will come to Him, And all who were angry at Him shall be put to shame. 25 "In the LORD all the offspring of Israel Will be justified, and will glory." (Isaiah 45:5-25)


The sovereignty of God may be defined as the exercise of His supremacy-Being infinitely elevated above the highest creature, He is the Most High, Lord of heaven and earth. Subject to none, influenced by none, absolutely independent; God does as He pleases, only as He pleases always as He pleases. None can thwart Him, none can hinder Him. So His own Word expressly declares: "My counsel shall stand, and I will do all My pleasure" (Isaiah 46:10); "He doeth according to His will in the army of heaven, and the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay His hand" (Daniel 4:35).

Divine sovereignty means that God is God in fact, as well as in name, that He is on the Throne of the universe, directing all things, working all things "after the counsel of His own will" (Ephesians 1:11).

Because God is absolute Sovereign, such is His own claim: "This is the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth: and this is the hand that is stretched out upon all the nations. For the Lord of hosts hast purposed, and who shall disannul it? and His hand is stretched out, and who shall turn it back?" (Isaiah 14:26,27).

Because God is irresistible Sovereign, such is His own claim: "All the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and He doeth according to His will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay His hand, or say unto Him, What doest Thou?" (Daniel 4:35).

The Sovereignty of God is true not only hypothetically, but in fact. That is to say, God exercises His sovereignty, exercises it both in the natural realm, and in the spiritual.

One is born black, another white.
One is born in wealth, another in poverty.
One is born with a healthy body, another sickly and crippled.
One is cut off in childhood; another lives to old age.
One is endowed with five talents, another with but one.
And in all these cases it is God the Creator who makes one to differ from another, and "none can stay His hand." So also is it in the spiritual realm.

One is born in a pious home and is brought up in the fear and admonition of the Lord;
Another is born of criminal parents and is reared in vice.
One is the object of many prayers, the other is not prayed for at all.
One hears the Gospel from early childhood; another never hears it.
One sits under a Scriptural ministry; another hears nothing but error and heresy.


One has his heart opened by the Lord to receive the truth; while another is left to himself. One is "ordained to eternal life" (Acts 13:48), while another is "ordained to condemnation (Jude 4). -"To whom He will God shows mercy, and whom he wills He hardens" (Romans 9:18).

God not only created everything, but everything, which He created, is subject to His immediate control. God rules over the works of His hands. God governs the creatures He has made. God reigns with universal dominion.

One of the most flagrant sins of this age is irreverence. By irreverence I am not now thinking of open blasphemy, or the taking of God's name in vain. Irreverence is, also, failure to ascribe the glory, which is due the great and dreadful majesty of the Almighty. It is the limiting of His power and actions by our degrading conceptions: it is the bringing of the Lord God down to our level. There are multitudes of those who do not profess to be Christians who deny that God is the omnipotent Creator, and there are multitudes of professing Christians who deny that God is absolute Sovereign. Men boast of their free will, prate of their power, and are proud of their achievements. They know not that their lives are at the sovereign disposal of the Divine Despot. They know not that they have no more power to thwart His secret counsel than a worm has to resist the tread of an elephant. They know not that God is the Potter, and they the clay. Rightly did the late Mr. Spurgeon say in his sermon on Matthew 20:15:

There is no attribute more comforting to His children than that of God's Sovereignty. Under the most adverse circumstances, in the most severe trials, they believe that Sovereignty has ordained their afflictions, that Sovereignty overrules them, and that Sovereignty will sanctify them all. There is nothing for which the children ought more earnestly to contend than the doctrine of their Master over all creation-the Kingship of God over all the works of His own hands-the Throne of God and His right to sit upon that Throne.

On the other hand, there is no doctrine more hated by worldings, no truth of which they have made such a football, as the great, stupendous, but yet most certain doctrine of the Sovereignty of the infinite Jehovah. Men will allow God to be everywhere except on His throne. They will allow Him to be in His workshop to fashion worlds and make stars. They will allow Him to be in His almonry to dispense His alms and bestow His bounties. They will allow Him to sustain the earth and bear up the pillars thereof, or light the lamps of heaven, or rule the waves of the ever-moving ocean; but when.28 God ascends His throne, His creatures then gnash their teeth, and we proclaim an enthroned God, and His right to do as He wills with His own, to dispose of His creatures as He thinks well, without consulting them in the matter; then it is that we are hissed and execrated, and then it is that men turn a deaf ear to us, for God on His throne is not the God they love. But it is God upon the throne that we love to preach. It is God upon His throne whom we trust. "Whatsoever the Lord pleased, that did He in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places" (Psalm 135:6).


This is one of the Divine perfections, which is not sufficiently pondered. It is one of the excellencies of the Creator which distinguishes Him from all His creatures. God is perpetually the same: subject to no change in His being, attributes, or determinations. Therefore God is compared to a rock (Deuteronomy 32:4, etc.) which remains immovable, when the entire ocean surrounding it is continually in a fluctuating state; even so, though all creatures are subject to change, God is immutable. Because God has no beginning and no ending, He can know no change. He is everlastingly "the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning" (James 1:17).


"Who shall not fear Thee, O Lord, and glorify Thy name? for Thou only art holy" (Revelation 15:4). He only is independently, infinitely, immutably holy. In Scripture He is frequently styled "The Holy One": He is so because the sum of all moral excellency is found in Him. He is absolute Purity, unsullied even by the shadow of sin. "God is light, and in Him is no darkness at all" (1 John 1:5). Holiness is the very excellency of the Divine nature: the great God is "glorious in holiness" (Exodus 15:11). Therefore do we read, "Thou art of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity" (Habakkuk 1:13). As God's power is the opposite of the native weakness of the creature, as His wisdom is in complete contrast from the least defect of understanding or folly, so His holiness is the very antithesis of all moral blemish or defilement. Of old God appointed singers in Israel "that they should praise for the beauty of holiness" (2 Chronicles 20:21).

Because God is infinite in holiness, "only true God" is He who hates sin with a perfect abhorrence and whose nature eternally burns against it.

He is the One who beheld the wickedness of the antediluvians and who opened the windows of Heaven and poured down the flood of His righteous indignation.
He is the One who rained fire and brimstone upon Sodom and Gomorrah and utterly destroyed these cities of the plain.
He is the One who sent the plagues upon Egypt, and destroyed her haughty monarch together with his hosts at the Red Sea.
He is the One who caused the earth to open its mouth and swallow alive Korah and his rebellious company.
He is the One who "spared not His own Son" when He was "made sin for us...that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him."


For one sin He banished our first parents from Eden
For one sin He cursed the posterity of Ham
For one sin He turned Lot's wife into a pillar of salt
For one sin He sent out fire and devoured the sons of Aaron
For one sin Moses died in the wilderness
For one sin Achan and his family were all stoned to death
For one sin the servant of Elisha was smitten with leprosy. Behold therefore, not only the goodness, but also "the severity of God" (Romans 11:22).

And this is the God that every Christ-rejector has yet to meet in judgment! As well might a worm seek to resist the tread of an elephant; as well might a babe step between the railroad tracks and attempt to push back the express train; as well might a child seek to prevent the ocean from rolling, as for a creature to try and resist the outworking of the purpose of the Lord God -"O Lord God of our fathers, art not Thou God in heaven? and rulest not Thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen? and in Thine hand is there not power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee?" (2 Chronicles 20:6).


We cannot have a right conception of God unless we think of Him as all-powerful, as well as all-wise. He who cannot do what he will and perform all his pleasure cannot be God. As God hath a will to resolve what He deems good, so has He power to execute His will. The power of God is that ability and strength whereby He can bring to pass whatsoever He pleases, whatsoever His infinite wisdom may direct, and whatsoever the infinite purity of His will may resolve...

As holiness is the beauty of all God's attributes, so power is that which gives life and action to all the perfections of the Divine nature. How vain would be the eternal counsels, if power did not step in to execute them. Without power His mercy would be but feeble pity, His promises an empty sound, His threatenings a mere scarecrow. God's power is like Himself: infinite, eternal, incomprehensible; it can neither be checked, restrained, nor frustrated by the creature. (Stephen Charnock).

"God hath spoken once; twice have I heard this, that power belongeth unto God" (Psalm 62:11). "The Lord is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?" (Psalm 27:1).

"Now unto Him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us, unto Him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen" (Ephesians 3:20,21).


Unfaithfulness is one of the most outstanding sins of these evil days. In the business world, a man's word is, with exceedingly rare exceptions, no longer his bond. In the social world, marital infidelity abounds on every hand, the sacred bonds of wedlock being broken with as little regard as the discarding of an old garment. In the ecclesiastical realm, thousands who have solemnly covenanted to preach the truth make no scruple to attack and deny it. Nor can reader or writer claim complete immunity from this fearful sin: in how many ways have we been unfaithful to Christ, and to the light and privileges which God has entrusted to us! How refreshing, then, how unspeakably blessed, to lift our eyes above this scene of ruin, and behold One who is faithful, faithful in all things, faithful at all times. "Know therefore that the Lord thy God, He is God, the faithful God" (Deuteronomy 7:9). This quality is essential to His being, without it He would not be God. For God to be unfaithful would be to act contrary to His nature, which were impossible: "If we believe not, yet He abideth faithful; He cannot deny Himself" (2 Timothy 2:13). Faithfulness is one of the glorious perfections of His being. He is as it were clothed with it: "O Lord God of hosts, who is a strong Lord like unto Thee? or to Thy faithfulness round about Thee?" (Psalm 89:8). "God is not a man, that He should lie; neither the son of man, that He should repent: hath He said, and shall He not do it? or hath He spoken, and shall He not make it good?" (Numbers 23:19).

Therefore does the believer exclaim, "His compassions fail not, they are new every morning: great is Thy faithfulness" (Lamentations 3:22, 23). Scripture abounds in illustrations of God's faithfulness. More than four thousand years ago He said, "While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease" (Genesis 8:22).


"The goodness of God endureth continually" (Psalm 52:1).

The "goodness" of God respects the perfection of His nature: "God is light, and in Him is no darkness at all" (1 John 1:5). There is such an absolute perfection in God's nature and being that nothing is wanting to it or defective in it, and nothing can be added to it to make it better. He is originally good, good of Himself, which nothing else is; for all creatures are good only by participation and communication from God. He is essentially good; not only good, but goodness itself: the creature's good is a superadded quality, in God it is His essence. He is infinitely good; the creature's good is but a drop, but in God there is an infinite ocean or gathering together of good. He is eternally and immutably good, for He cannot be less good than He is; as there can be no addition made to Him, so no subtraction from Him. (Thomas Manton).
God is sum mum bonum-the chiefest good.


Stephen Charnock, the Puritan, defines God's patience, in part, thus:

It is a part of the Divine goodness and mercy, yet differs from both. God being the greatest goodness, hath the greatest mildness; mildness is always the companion of true goodness, and the greater the goodness, the greater the mildness. Who so holy as Christ, and who so meek? God's slowness to anger is a branch of His mercy: "the Lord is full of compassion, slow to anger" (Psalm 145:8).
It differs from mercy in the formal consideration of the subject: mercy respects the creature as miserable, patience respects the creature as criminal; mercy pities him in his misery, patience bears with the sin which engendered the misery, and giving birth to more.


Grace is a perfection of the Divine character which is exercised only toward the elect. Neither in the Old Testament nor in the New is the grace of God ever mentioned in connection with mankind generally, still less with the lower orders of His creatures. In this it is distinguished from mercy, for the mercy of God is "over all His works" (Psalm 145-9). Grace is the alone source from which flow the goodwill, love, and salvation of God unto His chosen people. This attribute of the Divine character was defined by Abraham Booth in his helpful book, The Reign of Grace thus, "It is the eternal and absolute free favor of God, manifested in the vouchsafement of spiritual and eternal blessings to the guilty and the unworthy."

There are three principal characteristics of Divine grace:

First, it is eternal. Grace was planned before it was exercised, purposed before it was imparted: "Who hath saved us, and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began" (2 Timothy 1:9).

Second, it is free, for none did ever purchase it: "Being justified freely by His grace" (Romans 3:24).

Third, it is sovereign, because God exercises it toward and bestows it upon whom He pleases: "Even so might grace reign" (Romans 5:21). If grace "reigns" then is it on the throne, and the occupant of the throne is sovereign. Hence "the throne of grace" (Hebrews 4:16). Just because grace is unmerited favor, it must be exercised in a sovereign manner. Therefore does the Lord declare, "I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious" (Exodus 33:19). Were God to show grace to all of Adam's descendants, men would at once conclude that He was righteously compelled to take them to heaven as a meet compensation for allowing the human race to fall into sin. But the great God is under no obligation to any of His creatures, least of all to those who are rebels against Him.


"O give thanks unto the Lord: for He is good, for His mercy endureth forever" (Psalm 136:1). For this perfection of the Divine character God is greatly to be praised. Three times over in as many verses does the Psalmist here call upon the saints to give thanks unto the Lord for this adorable attribute. And surely this is the least that can be asked for from those who have been such bounteous gainers by it.

When we contemplate the characteristics of this Divine excellency, we cannot do otherwise than bless God for it. His mercy is "great" (1 Kings 3:6), "plenteous" (Psalm 86:5), "tender" (Luke 1:78), "abundant" (1 Peter 1:3); it is "from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear Him" (Psalm 103:17). Well may we say with the Psalmist, "I will sing aloud of Thy mercy" (Psalm 59:16). "I will make all My goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the Lord before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy" (Exodus 33:19). Wherein differs the "mercy of God from His grace"? The mercy of God has its spring in the Divine goodness. The first issue of God's goodness is His benignity or bounty, by which He gives liberally to His creatures as creatures; thus has He given being and life to all things. The second issue of God's goodness is His mercy, which denotes the ready inclination of God to relieve the misery of fallen creatures. Thus, "mercy" presupposes sin.


There are three things told us in Scripture concerning the nature of God:

First, "God is Spirit" (John 4:24). In the Greek there is no indefinite article, and to say "God is a spirit" is most objectionable, for it places Him in a class with others. God is "spirit" in the highest sense. Because He is "spirit" He is incorporeal, having no visible substance. Had God a tangible body, He would not be omnipresent, He would be limited to one place; because He is spirit He fills heaven and earth.

Second, God is light (1 John 1:5), which is the opposite of "darkness." In Scripture "darkness" stands for sin, evil, death; and "light" for holiness, goodness, life. God is light, means that He is the sum of all excellency.

Third, "God is love" (1 John 4:8). It is not simply that God "loves," but that He is Love itself. Love is not merely one of His attributes, but His very nature. There are many today who talk about the love of God, who are total strangers to the God of love.

The Divine love is commonly regarded as a species of amiable weakness, a sort of good-natured indulgence; it is reduced to a mere sickly sentiment, patterned after human emotion. Now the truth is that on this, as on everything else, our thoughts need to be formed and regulated by what is revealed thereon in Holy Scripture. That there is urgent need for this is apparent not only from the ignorance which so generally prevails, but also from the low state of spirituality which is now so sadly evident everywhere among professing Christians. How little real love there is for God. One chief reason for this is because our hearts are so little occupied with His wondrous love for His people. The better we are acquainted with His love-its character, fullness, blessedness-the more will our hearts be drawn out in love to Him. Jeremiah 31:3, "I have loved thee with an everlasting love, therefore with loving-kindness have I drawn thee."


The wrath of God is His eternal detestation of all unrighteousness. It is the displeasure and indignation of Divine equity against evil. It is the holiness of God stirred into activity against sin. It is the moving cause of that just sentence which He passes upon evil-doers. God is angry against sin because it is a rebelling against His authority, a wrong done to His inviolable sovereignty. The forerunner of Christ warned his hearers to "flee from the wrath to come" (Matthew 3:7). The Savior bade His auditors "Fear Him, which after He hath killed, hath power to cast into Hell; yea, I say unto you. Fear Him" (Luke 12:5).

The apostle Paul said, "Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men" (2 Corinthians 5:11). Faithfulness demands that we speak as plainly about Hell as about Heaven.


"Nothing will so enlarge the intellect, nothing so magnify the whole soul of man, as a devout, earnest, continued, investigation of the great subject of the Deity. The most excellent study for expanding the soul is the science of Christ and Him crucified and the knowledge of the Godhead in the glorious Trinity." (C. H. Spurgeon).

Let us quote a little further from this prince of preachers:

The proper study of the Christian is the God-head. The highest science, the loftiest speculation, the mightiest philosophy, which can engage the attention of a child of God, is the name, the nature, the person, the doings, and the existence of the great God which he calls his Father. There is something exceedingly improving to the mind in a contemplation of the Divinity. It is a subject so vast, that all our thoughts are lost in its immensity; so deep, that our pride is drowned in its infinity. Other subjects we can comprehend and grapple with; in them we feel a kind of self-content, and go on our way with the thought, "Behold I am wise." But when we come to this master science, finding that our plumb-line cannot sound its depth, amid that our eagle eye cannot see its height, we turn away with the thought "I am but of yesterday and know nothing." (Malachi 3:6).
Yes, the incomprehensibility of the Divine nature should teach us humility, caution and reverence. After all our searchings and meditations we have to say with Job, "Lo, these are parts of His ways: but how little a portion is heard of Him!" (26:14).

No dominion is so absolute as that which is founded on creation. He who might not have made any thing, had a right to make all things according to His own pleasure. In the exercise of His uncontrolled power, He has made some parts of the creation mere inanimate matter, of grosser or more refined texture, and distinguished by different qualities, but all inert and unconscious. He has given organization to other parts, and made them susceptible of growth and expansion, but still without life in the proper sense of the term. To others He has given not only organization, but also conscious existence, organs of sense and self-motive power. To these He has added in man the gift of reason, and an immortal spirit, by which he is allied to a higher order of beings who are placed in the superior regions. Over the world, which He has created, He sways the scepter of omnipotence. "I praised and honored Him that liveth forever, whose dominion is an everlasting dominion, and His kingdom is from generation to generation: and all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and He doeth according to His will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay His hand, or say unto Him, What doeth Thou?"-Daniel 4:34, 35. (John Dick).

A creature, considered as such, has no rights. He can demand nothing from his Maker; and in whatever manner he may be treated, has no title to complain. Yet, when thinking of the absolute dominion of God over all, we ought never to lose sight of His moral perfections. God is just and good, and ever does that which is right. Nevertheless, He exercises His sovereignty according to His own imperial and righteous pleasure. He assigns each creature his place as seemeth good in His own sight. He orders the varied circumstances of each according to His own counsels. He moulds each vessel according to His own uninfluenced determination. He has mercy on whom He will, and whom He will He hardens. Wherever we are, His eye is upon us. Whoever we are, our life and everything is held at His disposal. To the Christian, He is a tender Father; to the rebellious sinner He will yet be a consuming fire. "Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen" (1 Timothy 1:17).

Jun 21, 2010 at 21:56 o\clock

Evidence Comparison 

Evolution Evidence Comparisons

This is a comparison between currently advertised evidences for evolution and evidence for special creation. The observed fact, the evolution explanation and the creationism response is set forth below.The evolution explanations were taken from an excellent evolutionist site that is intended to show the most persuasive and most current evidence for evolution: It argues generally that similarities between different animals and plants point toward evolution. It offers no answers whatever to the questions raised on this page and simply because the Creator made life in similar ways is no proof life evolved. This site, as well as others simply presumes that God does not exist and therefore evolution must be true - and then looks for ways to prove it. See also, which discusses enzymes in the context of the theory of evolution, but again offers no explanation as to how a series of random changes could account for what is now common knowledge. Evidence for special creation is evidence of a superior intellect (God) Who created all things. The proof is found in the inconceivable complexity and organization down to the arrangement of the very atoms within the molecules within the cells.Judge for yourself whether evolution adequately explains the observed facts and consider the creationism response. OBSERVED FACTS________________________Honeybee brainThe brain of the honeybee is approximately the size of the head of a pin and calculates faster than a supercomputer. It performs one billion organized computations in every 1/1000th of a second. That is one trillion computations per second. See Honeybee.Sejnowski, T.J. and Churchland, P.S., 1992, Byte Magazine, October, 1992, p. 137. Sejnowski and Churchland are well recognized in the field of neurobiology and in the field of computational neuroscience and are professors at the University of California. See also Sejnowski, T.J. and Churchland, P.S. The Computational Brain (MIT Press, 1992), p. 9 (Wherein the authors state that "the brain of the common housefly, for example, performs 1011 operations per second when merely resting.")
Human eyeYour eyes are currently transmitting a non-physical digital code at the speed of light. This transmission occurs through 12 million specific nerves (the optic nerve). The signals in each of the 12 million nerves is a different connection and each one changes whenever you move your eyes. Each of 12 million nerves (or several together) convey in code not only everything that you see but several million different colors, and each one is precisely defined by a non-physical code that is transmitted by the retina and translated by the brain. The brain takes these 12 million constantly changing signals and, in the space of nanoseconds, it transforms them into a full color three dimensional moving picture that exists in the form of billions and billions of constantly changing electrical impulses. Each of these impulses is a code; it means something. All of what you see comes from but one source: a constantly changing ocean of (digital?) code.In order to facilitate the transfer of this vast amount of data, the retina pre-processes what it sees. The retina divides vision into twelve discrete elements, each one conveying a particular part of what is seen. This device serves to conserve resources because it updates only what has been changed by a movement of the eye or the movement of an object. So, the 12 "cinemas," constantly changing, are merged into a whole and altered instantly as they progress. See Vision.The Movies in Our Eyes, Werblin, Frank and Roska, Botond, Scientific American, April 2007, p 73

The human brainThe brain of the human is so vast in its complexity that it cannot even conceive of the numbers and the organization inside itself. It contains at least 100,000,000,000,000 (one hundred trillion) electrical connections. These electrical connections form a neuronet that is so vast that if each connection were a leaf on a tree it would comprise a forest the size of continental Europe, or half the size of the United States.*And every single one of the connections has a specific purpose. Each one is organized, timed and operates in sync with the others. Each one is energized by a cell that produces its own electricity in precisely the correct quantities and conveys, in non-physical code, that which it is designed to convey. Each cell is manufactured and placed exactly where it is for a specific purpose and each cell may have thousands of connections. Each of these cells and connections carries minute electrical charges that mean something. The meaning inherent in each electrical signal is written into a code, and when the neurons of any particular sub-net act as programmed, they result in a "conclusion," an impulse that will move a muscle, read a book, see a color, actuate a series of logical conclusions, be aware or love a lover. See Brain Codes.It is commonly assumed that the genes that are in DNA somehow direct the formation of the brain in the developing infant. But we submit that the genes have other have other purposes and that no one really knows by what mechanism a million billion organized neuronet connections arise from a sperm and and egg.* Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, by Michael Denton (Adler & Adler, 1985), p 330.
DNAThe chemical formulae for the 100,000 essential human proteins is stored in the DNA strands contained in every human cell. But the DNA strand is not a physical representation of the protein. It is a chemical formula for the protein that is encoded into the arrangement of the atoms of a segment that is 1/100,000th of the length of the DNA molecule. So, for cytochrome c, for instance, we have the chemical formula for an enzyme that has one chance in 1049 of occurring by accident and the formula for this enzyme is inscribed into the arrangement of the atoms in the 1/100,000th part of a molecule. See Codes within the Cells.
MemoryHow are the memories of a lifetime stored? Experiments have shown memory to be stored in the arrangement of the electrical characteristics of the molecules comprising trillions of nerve cells in the brain. There is a code that is used to write the memory of a smell, a taste, a thought, a color, an emotion, a sound, an occurrence or pure logic into the electrical characteristics of the individual molecules. How are all of these different senses encoded? What mechanism is there to determine where each will be written? How is it written to reflect the proper time sequence? It is unknown if a number has ever been ascribed to the number of molecules utilized in memory, but it is a safe bet that there are significantly more than the number of neurological connections in the brain. If so, then the brain contains a sub-net that is significantly larger than one million billion organized electrical connections. This is a sub-net that organizes the electrical characteristics of trillions upon trillions of individual molecules for the purpose of inscribing specific data on to them - writing it with a code, a language into the arrangement of the electrical characteristics of molecules themselves. See memoryEVOLUTION EXPLANATION __________________________Honeybee brainThe brain of the honeybee is "relatively simple." Evolution Research - General Evolution News, August 5, 2006"The idea [of evolution in general] is simply that you fiddle around and you change something and then you ask, Does it improve my survival or not? And if it doesn't, then those individuals die and that idea goes away. And if it does, then those individuals succeed, and you keep fiddling around, improving."Howard Berg, a Harvard researcher, as quoted in National Geographic Magazine, November 2006, p. 114.And if you don't believe that this explanation is adequate, you are a "dimwit"* *It has been reported that "dimwit" is the term that has been applied to all creation advocates by a certain high profile evolutionist, who will remain unnamed.
Human eye"Here's how some scientists think some eyes may have evolved: The simple light-sensitive spot on the skin of some ancestral creature gave it some tiny survival advantage, perhaps allowing it to evade a predator. Random changes then created a depression in the light-sensitive patch, a deepening pit that made "vision" a little sharper. At the same time, the pit's opening gradually narrowed, so light entered through a small aperture, like a pinhole camera.

Every change had to confer a survival advantage, no matter how slight. Eventually, the light-sensitive spot evolved into a retina, the layer of cells and pigment at the back of the human eye. Over time a lens formed at the front of the eye. It could have arisen as a double-layered transparent tissue containing increasing amounts of liquid that gave it the convex curvature of the human eye.

In fact, eyes corresponding to every stage in this sequence have been found in existing living species. The existence of this range of less complex light-sensitive structures supports scientists' hypotheses about how complex eyes like ours could evolve. The first animals with anything resembling an eye lived about 550 million years ago. And, according to one scientist's calculations, only 364,000 years would have been needed for a camera-like eye to evolve from a light-sensitive patch."
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The human brain"Billions of years ago, life existed only in the form of single celled organisms. These organisms were sustained through their own chemical processes until they gradually evolved into the multi-celled beings that first appeared approximately 680 million years ago. More complex animals, including man, subsequently evolved from these multi-celled beings. The evolution of the human brain followed a similar course; moving from the simple to the complex over an extended period of time. The billions of cells that work together to make the brain and body function harmoniously have numerous critical functions. The brain is after all a far more multi-functional organ by nature than other, less complex organs such as the heart or the liver. Yet akin to the rest of the human body, the brain has adhered to Charles Darwin’s “natural selection” methodology by ridding itself of less important functions while enhancing the more essential ones over time.
It is a fact that as man evolved, certain mutations took place within the nervous system that forced it to evolve in time with the body. Just as external physical changes were selected as either worthy or unworthy by the environment, mutations in the nervous system were also forced to prove their might against environmental challenges. For example, man’s ancient ancestors acquired “new and improved” sensors as a necessary means of survival, which naturally forced the neural control of those sensory enhancements to occur simultaneously. Consequently, as man’s ability to survive began to necessitate increasingly complex actions and reactions to his environment, the nervous system was also compelled to adapt accordingly."
"It is nothing short of spectacular that so many mutations in so many genes were acquired during the mere 20-25 million years of time in the evolutionary lineage leading to humans, according to Lahn. This means that selection has worked “extra-hard” during human evolution to create the powerful brain that exists in humans.It is perhaps the complex social structures and cultural behaviors unique in human ancestors that fueled the rapid evolution of the brain."Lahn, Bruce T., Human Evolution and Stem Cell Biology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute website

DNAAll of the theories relating to the evolution of DNA are theories describing what evolutionary scientists see as the course of evolution. That is, when in evolutionary history a diversion occurred, what animal was the common ancestor, theoretical stages in the development of RNA, differences in the DNA of different animals and plants, and theories relating to DNA lineages. These theories are "road maps" showing the theoretical course of DNA evolution. These theories are in total agreement on the actual mechanism for evolution, and that is natural selection. Each one is rigid in its fundamental presumption that in every instance natural selection (the survival of the fittest and accidental beneficial mutations) is the sole mechanism for the creation of DNA.Put quite simply by Professor Howard Berg of Harvard, "You keep fiddling around, improving ..." The beneficial changes perpetuate survival and the changes that are not beneficial do not.
MemoryEvolution offers the same explanation for memory: natural selection.CREATIONISM RESPONSE___________________________Honeybee brainVery little could be located on specific arguments showing how fiddling around with genomes could construct a computer the size of a pinhead that performs a trillion computations per second. So, we quoted Howard Berg, a Harvard researcher, on his view of evolution in general. Each of the computing cycles in the honeybee brain must be accurately timed to properly interact with the next and the previous cycle. Each one must be a trillionth of a second in duration and each one must mean something - each one has a purpose. The life span of the bee is about 2 months. How many years would it take to evolve a brain that would do this, assuming that it evolved at one cycle in each bee generation? If one cycle evolved every 60 days it would take 60 trillion days, or more than 164 billion years - assuming, of course, that each beneficial mutation that created each new cycle was perfect.Imagine what Darwin would say if he had known that in 150 years science would discover an electrical machine the size of a pinhead that calculates speed, wing speed, tilt, pressure, orientation, location, purpose and intent, creates vision and awareness all in the form of unknown codes (probably digital) and does so at the speed of a trillion calculations per second.Actually, Darwin did speak to this:"If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ could not have been formed by numerous successive, slight modifications my theory absolutely would break down." Charles Darwin. Origin of Species, p.189 1st ed.

Human eyeNote that the concept is that every perpetuated change, "no matter how slight," had to confer a survival advantage. Somehow accidental mutations created a pit that that conferred a survival advantage. Then more mutations happened and the pit closed around and there was a small hole that caused light to be focused on the light sensitive skin. Around this time, nerve cells accidentally developed that connected to a very primitive brain that mutations were also occurring in this brain that somehow enabled it to act upon the impulses that were now coming down the nerve endings. Somehow it just got better and better until all the cells in the eye and all of the cells in the brain had agreed upon a specific code. Then the brain cells accidentally developed the ability to create images from the code, and not only images but moving images that were integrated with the brain's awareness and memory. Then there came another eye and more accidental nerve endings and more code (thankfully it was the same code) until the code was transmitting millions of precisely defined colors and the brain was instantly converting them into three dimensional moving pictures all defined by billions and billions of alternating code transmissions. And in fact, color number 2,343,972 (conveyed by means of its own specific code) definitely did confer a survival advantage to an ancestral ape a very long time ago. And even though the whole eye has to work together before it conveys a survival advantage it still must have evolved. Do you really believe that?

The human brainIf the brain evolved from multi celled organisms 680 million years ago, it what would be the rate of evolution?It is for good reason that evolutionists comment on the "rapid evolution of the brain." Let us consider just how rapid this evolution must have been. 100,000,000,000,000 connections over 680 million years yields 147,058 connections fully evolving each year. There are 8760 hours in a year. So in order to evolve in 680,000,000 years, the brain of the human must have evolved and installed at the rate of 16 connections every hour, or one perfectly evolved connection every 3.75 minutes - with no mistakes. So, they are indeed correct when they say it would have been "rapid." Interesting that we really don't see any evidence of this rapid evolution today.Every one of those perfectly evolved connections must be installed and timed down to the nanosecond. In order to benefit survival, each impulse must be properly coded and sent with exactly the correct amount of electricity to the precise nerve endings that intersect with other nerve endings in such a way that a series of trillions of successive computations will result in a conclusion. If the brain of a honeybee computes at the rate of a trillion computations per second, one can only imagine how many computations the human brain accomplishes in the same amount of time. As far as the author knows, this number has never even been estimated. The evolutionist's theoretical explanation of the brain "ridding itself of less important functions while enhancing more essential ones" or mutations that were forced to "prove their might against environmental changes" does not come close to coherently accounting for trillions upon trillions of organized network connections operating at literally an inconceivable speed and accuracy.The number of organized electrical connections in the human brain is roughly equal to the number of leaves on the trees in a forest that is the size of continental Europe.The explanations of evolutionists are the vapid wanderings of professors who will believe absolutely anything rather than change their theological conviction._______________________________DNAIn order to be useful, we must also simultaneously evolve a translator of the code and a means to implement it. So, aside from the issue of how 1/100,000th of a molecule is accurately copied, read and implemented, if this mechanism evolved, what came first, the non-physical language or the translator of that language? They could not evolve together because each separate part would have to provide some benefit to survival and at the same time coincide with the other."The [genetic] code is meaningless unless translated. The modern cell's translating machinery consists of at least fifty macromolecular components WHICH ARE THEMSELVES CODED IN DNA: THE CODE CANNOT BE TRANSLATED OTHERWISE THAN BY PRODUCTS OF TRANSLATION. It is the modern expression of omne vivum ex ovo. When and how did this circle become closed? It is exceedingly difficult to imagine." Jaques Monod (1972), Chance and Necessity, Collins London, pp 134-135) (emphasis in original)It is simply not persuasive to attribute all of this to "fiddling around" and then refer to those who question it as "dimwits."______________________________MemoryMemory is a mechanism that takes experience, logic, emotions, touch, smell, vision, thought, sound, color, method, mathematics, music, skills, temperature, reason and all other things remembered by man and writes them in an organized fashion in an electrical code into the molecules of the nerve cells of the brain.Evolution explains that this occurred through billions of years of fiddling around: accidental beneficial mutations and dying animals. That is, all those that could not encapsulate and write memory into an unknown electrical code on to trillions of molecules were less able to survive so they died.And if we can swallow that explanation, then we are asked to believe that all of these memories were all indexed by accident also. So, the mechanism that can instantly locate one particular memory that is buried in literally trillions of encoded molecules - and translate it - is the result of an unknown number of extremely fortunate accidental mutations, none of which have ever been observed.We submit that anyone who would really believe that will believe absolutely anything rather than believing in God. Because the very hand of God is written all over it. What we see here is not just organization down to the cellular lever, or even to the molecular level, but to the atomic level. And the evolutionist explanation that this all arose from a series of beneficial mutations and natural selections (dying animals) is woefully inadequate.And again, Darwin's comment:

"If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ could not have been formed by numerous successive, slight modifications my theory absolutely would break down." Charles Darwin. Origin of Species, p.189 1st ed.